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Causes of Hernias and Procedure of Hernia Surgery

A hernia operation might feel overwhelming in this tornado of responsibilities. For a single mother, however, knowing the value of hernia surgery and the process of getting well afterward may make all the difference in the world. This article explains why a hernia operation is necessary and offers advice for how a single mother might handle the recuperation period without falling behind on her regular tasks.
Hernias don’t just appear out of the blue; they have specific causes and risk factors. Here’s a closer look:

  1. Having weak muscles might be something you’re born with or something that happens to you over time. Hernias may develop in weak spots in the muscular tissue.
  2. Increased Pressure: Activities or situations that increase abdominal pressure can contribute to the formation of a hernia. Examples include lifting heavy objects without stabilizing the abdominal muscles, diarrhea, constipation, or persistent coughing and sneezing.
  3. Pregnancy: The added pressure on the abdomen during pregnancy can sometimes lead to hernias.
  4. Previous Surgical Incisions: Sometimes, a surgical wound might not heal entirely, leading to a weak spot in the abdominal wall.
  5. Becoming older: weakened muscles are associated with an increased probability of hernias.
  6. Chronic Lung Disease: Persistent coughing associated with lung diseases can lead to increased abdominal pressure.

Why Are Hernias Painful?

The pain associated with hernias arises from the pressure of the protruding organ or tissue against the surrounding structures. When a hernia becomes trapped and can’t be pushed back into the abdomen, it can lead to increased pain. The most concerning scenario is when a hernia becomes strangulated. This means the blood supply to the herniated tissue is compromised, leading to tissue death. Strangulated hernias are not only excruciating but also a medical emergency.

Avoiding Severe Situations

To prevent a hernia from progressing to a severe or emergency situation:

  1. Early Detection: If you notice a lump or feel discomfort in the groin or abdominal area, seek medical advice promptly. Early detection and management can prevent complications.
  2. Avoid Straining: Whether it’s during bowel movements, lifting, or other activities, avoid undue strain on the abdominal area.
  3. Wear Supportive Gear: If you’re involved in activities that increase abdominal pressure, consider wearing a supportive belt or truss after consulting with a healthcare professional.
  4. Follow Medical Advice: If you’ve been diagnosed with a hernia, adhere to your doctor’s recommendations. This might include lifestyle modifications, wearing supportive devices, or even undergoing surgery.
  5. Stay Alert: Be aware of the symptoms of a strangulated hernia, such as sudden intense pain, nausea, vomiting, and a hernia that turns red, purple, or dark. If you experience these, seek emergency medical attention immediately.

In essence, understanding the causes and potential complications of hernias is crucial. By staying informed and proactive, you can prevent severe situations and ensure timely and effective management of this condition.

Symptoms can vary between those noticeable in cases of hernias. Nevertheless, in instances where they manifest, these symptoms may encompass the presence of a conspicuous protuberance or swelling in the impacted region, particularly while assuming an upright position or exerting pressure.

Individuals may experience discomfort and pain, particularly during activities such as lifting, bending, or coughing.

The sensation of weightiness or traction experienced in the groin region.

In certain instances, individuals may have symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or a combination of both.

Types of Hernias

Hernias can be categorized based on their severity:

  1. Mild Hernias: These are often reducible, meaning they can be pushed back into the abdomen. They might not cause much discomfort and can be managed without surgery if they don’t pose any complications.
  2. Serious hernias are characterized by their irreducibility, meaning that they cannot be manually forced back into the abdominal cavity. There exists a potential risk for the occurrence of strangulation, wherein the blood flow to the herniated tissue becomes compromised. The present situation can be classified as a medical emergency necessitating prompt and urgent medical intervention.

Hernia Repair Methods

There are two primary methods for hernia repair:

  1. Open Surgery: This involves a single large incision to access the hernia and repair it. The weak area is usually reinforced with stitches or a mesh.
  2. Laparoscopic Surgery: Also known as keyhole surgery, this method involves several small incisions. A camera and surgical instruments are inserted, allowing the surgeon to repair the hernia with minimal invasion. This method often results in a quicker recovery and less post-operative pain.

Do’s and Don’ts of Hernia Repair Surgery


  • Follow your doctor’s pre-operative instructions.
  • Ensure you have someone to drive you home post-surgery.
  • Take prescribed medications as directed.
  • Attend all follow-up appointments.


  • Avoid heavy lifting post-surgery until cleared by your doctor.
  • Don’t ignore signs of infection, like increased redness, swelling, or discharge.
  • Avoid strenuous activities or exercises without your doctor’s approval.

Preventive Measures

While not all hernias are preventable, here are some suggestions to reduce your risk:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Incorporate strength training exercises to strengthen abdominal muscles.
  • Avoid heavy lifting or ensure you use proper lifting techniques.
  • Address persistent coughs or constipation, as straining can contribute to hernias.
  • Eat a fiber-rich diet to prevent constipation.

In conclusion, while hernias are common, understanding their types, symptoms, and treatment options can help in managing them effectively.